As the average temperature rises around the world due to global warming, disasters caused by extreme climate are frequently reported, as well as food security is under great threat. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO, called on all the countries to improve the productivity and capacity of agriculture and food systems to ensure sustainable agricultural development, and set the theme of World Food Day in 2016 as “Climate change: Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.”
Traditional farming methods that use excessive pesticides and herbicides have caused environmental damage. Eco-friendly farming practices contribute to increase agricultural productivity and environmental resilience, conserve water and soil environment, and store carbon while also reducing the impact of climate change. Eco-friendly farming makes agricultural areas not only a land for food production, but also a habitat and a food source for living creatures, thus achieving biodiversity on farmland, which is a sustainable act of coexistence between human development and nature.